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离婚找不到对方怎么办?

发布于:2019-03-06 11:45

有些时候夫妻中的一方可能会因为躲债等各种原因而消失,然后在这样的情况下,也会对夫妻之间的感情造成很大的影响,所以最终导致夫妻离婚也是不可避免的。但此时对方人一直找不到,想要离婚的一方就不知道该怎么办。到底离婚找不到对方怎么办才好?请一起在下文中进行了解。
 
Sometimes one of the spouses may disappear for various reasons, such as avoiding debts, and then in this case, it will also have a great impact on the relationship between the spouses, so it is inevitable that the couple will eventually divorce. But at this time the other party has been unable to find, the party who wants to divorce does not know what to do. What can we do if we can't find the other party in the divorce? Please find out in the following.
 
 
 
一、离婚找不到对方怎么办?向法院起诉离婚
 
1. What if the divorce can't find the other party? Sue for divorce in court
 
 
 
夫妻一方离婚找不到人的话,可以直接向人民法院提起离婚诉讼。
 
If one spouse can't find anyone after divorce, he or she can directly bring a divorce lawsuit to the people's court.
 
 
 
最高人民法院《关于适用〈中华人民共和国民事诉讼法〉若干问题的意见》第151条规定:“夫妻一方下落不明,另一方诉至人民法院,只要求离婚,不申请宣告下落不明人失踪或死亡的案件,人民法院应当受理,对下落不明人用公告送达诉讼文书。”《民事诉讼法》第84条明确指出:“受送达人下落不明,或者用本节规定的其他方式无法送达的,公告送达。自发出公告之日起,经过60日,即视为送达。”
 
Article 151 of the Supreme People's Court's Opinions on Several Questions Concerning the Application of the Civil Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China stipulates that: "If one spouse's whereabouts are unknown and the other party appeals to the People's Court, the people's court shall accept the case of divorce without applying for the declaration of the disappearance or death of the unaccounted person, and serve the litigation documents by announcement to the unaccounted person." Article 84 of the Civil Procedure Law clearly states: "If the addressee's whereabouts are unknown or cannot be served by other means specified in this section, the service shall be made by public announcement. After 60 days from the date of issuance of the announcement, it shall be deemed to have been served."
 
 
 
因此,离婚找不到人的话,可以向法院起诉离婚。法院将诉讼文书通过公告送达的方式送达被告,无论被告看到与否,均视为送达,在法院规定的时间内,被告不出庭、不应诉的,法院即可缺席审理,缺席判决。
 
Therefore, if there is no one to divorce, divorce can be sued in court. The court serves litigation documents to the defendant by public announcement. Whether the defendant sees them or not, they are deemed to be served. If the defendant does not appear in court or should not appeal within the time prescribed by the court, the court can hear the case in absentia and make a judgment in absentia.
 
 
 
二、离婚找不到对方怎么办?申请宣告失踪或申请宣告死亡
 
2. What if a divorce cannot find the other party? Apply for declaration of disappearance or death
 
 
 
夫妻一方离婚找不到人的话,可以对找不到的人申请宣告失踪或申请宣告死亡以达到解除婚姻关系的目的。
 
If one spouse can't find anyone after divorce, he or she may apply for the declaration of disappearance or death to terminate the marriage.
 
 
 
我国《民法通则》第20条规定:“公民下落不明满2年的,利害关系人可以向人民法院申请宣告他为失踪人。战争期间下落不明的,下落不明的时间从战争结束之日起计算。”人民法院依法受理宣告失踪案件后,应当发出寻找下落不明人的公告,公告期为3个月,公告期满仍无音讯的,人民法院将作出宣告失踪的判决。夫妻中的一方被宣告为失踪人后,另一方再向人民法院提起离婚诉讼,按照《婚姻法》第32条的规定:“一方被宣告失踪,另一方提出离婚诉讼的,应准予离婚。”
 
Article 20 of China's General Principles of Civil Law stipulates: "If a citizen's whereabouts have not been known for more than two years, an interested person may apply to the people's court to declare him missing. If the whereabouts are unknown during the war, the time when the whereabouts are unknown shall be counted from the date of the end of the war." After the people's court accepts the case of declaration of disappearance according to law, it shall issue a public announcement for finding the missing person. The public announcement period is three months. If there is no news after the expiration of the public announcement period, the people's court shall make a judgment on declaration of disappearance. After one of the spouses is declared missing, the other party brings a divorce lawsuit to the people's court. According to Article 32 of the Marriage Law, "If one party is declared missing and the other party brings a divorce lawsuit, divorce shall be granted."
 
 
 
根据我国《民法通则》第23条规定:公民下落不明满4年,或因意外事故下落不明,从事故发生之日起满2年的,利害关系人可以向人民法院申请宣告失踪人死亡。人民法院受理宣告死亡案件后,应当发出寻找下落不明人的公告,宣告死亡的公告期限为1年,因意外事故下落不明,经有关机关证明该公民不可能生存的,宣告死亡的公告期限为3个月。公告期届满,人民法院作出宣告死亡的判决。夫或妻中的一方被宣告死亡的,婚姻关系自宣告死亡之日起自动解除。
 
According to Article 23 of the General Principles of Civil Law of China, if a citizen's whereabouts are unknown for more than four years, or if the whereabouts of an accident are unknown for more than two years from the date of the accident, the interested party may apply to the people's court for the declaration of the death of the missing person. After accepting a case of declaration of death, the people's court shall issue a public announcement to search for the person whose whereabouts are unknown. The time limit for declaration of death is one year. If the whereabouts of the citizen are unknown due to an accident and proven impossible for the citizen to survive by the relevant authorities, the time limit for declaration of death is three months. At the end of the announcement period, the people's court shall make a judgment declaring death. If a husband or one of his wives is declared dead, the marriage relationship shall be dissolved automatically from the date of declaration of death.
 
 
 
因此,离婚找不到人的话,可以通过向法院申请宣告失踪或者宣告死亡的方式达到离婚的目的。
 
Therefore, if no one can be found in the divorce, the purpose of divorce can be achieved by applying to the court for declaration of disappearance or death.
 
 
 
三、离婚找不到对方怎么办?不同方式财产分割不同
 
3. What if divorce can't find the other party? Different ways of property division are different.
 
 
 
离婚找不到人的话,通过上述两种途径都能达到离婚的目的,但是在财产分配方面产生的法律后果有所不同。缺席判决离婚的,法院会依据《婚姻法》规定依法分割夫妻共同财产,最常见的就是平均分配夫妻共同财产;宣告失踪的法律后果是失踪人的财产依法由他人代管。宣告死亡的法律后果等同于事实死亡,因此被宣告死亡人的财产会作为遗产由合法继承人依法继承。
 
If there is no one to divorce, the purpose of divorce can be achieved through the above two ways, but the legal consequences of property distribution are different. If divorce is decided by default, the court will divide the joint property of husband and wife according to the provisions of Marriage Law, the most common one is to distribute the joint property of husband and wife equally. The legal consequence of declaration of disappearance is that the property of the missing person is in the custody of others according to law. The legal consequences of declaration of death are equivalent to factual death, so the property of the declared deceased person will be inherited by the legal heir according to law as an inheritance.
 
 
 
到底离婚找不到对方怎么办?这个时候想要离婚的一方可以直接向法院提起离婚诉讼,此时会采取公告方式送达文书给对方,而要是一直没有出庭的话,也是可以进行缺席判决。或者可以先申请宣告失踪或者宣告死亡,之后也是可以达到解除婚姻关系的目的。若在这方面需要帮助的话,可以委托我们的律师来提供法律帮助。
 
What if the divorce can't find the other party? At this time, the one who wants to divorce can directly bring a divorce lawsuit to the court. At this time, the divorce party will take a public notice to serve the documents to the other party, and if it has not appeared in court, it can also make a default judgment. Or you can apply for the declaration of disappearance or death first, and then you can achieve the purpose of dissolving the marriage relationship. If you need help in this area, you can entrust our lawyers to provide legal assistance.

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