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纸箱回收机拼不过垃圾桶?混入垃圾回收效率大打折扣

发布于:2018-12-15 13:29

今年“双11”,快递量再次刷新历史记录,但十几亿件快递的包装物都去哪儿了?在“双11”的第10年,这个问题依旧难破解。以北京为例,11日到19日,全市包裹投递量为8300余万件,同比上升59.6%,按照每个快递包装0.2公斤估算,平均每天产生1844吨包装垃圾。尽管快递包装浑身都是“宝”,纸箱、塑料都能再利用,但离规范化回收依旧路途遥远。
 
This year, the volume of express delivery has renewed its historical record, but where have billions of express packages gone? In the 10th year of Shuang11, the problem is still difficult to solve. Take Beijing as an example. From November 11 to 19, the delivery volume of parcels in the whole city was more than 830 million, up 59.6% from the same period last year. According to the estimate of 0.2 kg per express package, an average of 1844 tons of packaging garbage were produced every day. Although express packaging is "treasure" all over, cartons and plastics can be reused, but it is still a long way from standardized recycling.
 
 
 
纸箱回收机拼不过垃圾桶
 
The carton recycler can't make up the garbage can
 
 
 
18日傍晚,北京交通大学的“近邻宝”快递服务中心人流如织,一些刚取完包裹的学生站在路边把快递拆开,将纸箱和包装袋丢进垃圾桶。
 
On the evening of the 18th, the "Near Neighbor Bao" Express Service Center of Beijing Jiaotong University was crowded with people. Some students who had just taken the package stood by the roadside to open the Express and throw the cartons and bags into the trash can.
 
 
 
快递服务中心门口的5组垃圾桶已全部“沦陷”,成为快递包装的“收容所”,许多纸箱摞得比垃圾桶还高,一些大纸箱塞不进去,就被直接放在地面上。这些垃圾桶里还掺杂着生活垃圾,比如带有油水的餐盒。
 
The five groups of trash cans at the entrance of express service center have all been "occupied" and become "shelters" for express packages. Many cartons are stacked higher than trash cans. Some large cartons can't be stuffed in, so they are placed directly on the ground. These trash cans are also adulterated with domestic waste, such as lunch boxes with oil and water.
 
 
 
 
 
就在一个多月前,这里还立着两台纸箱回收机。其中一款可以直接投入压扁后的纸箱,另一款智能废纸回收机需要扫码投纸箱,机器能自动将废纸粉碎,并给投递纸箱的用户赠送积分,达到一定的积分可兑换礼品。如今,智能废纸回收机已经被闲置在快递柜一侧,无法使用,另一款机器也不见踪影。
 
Just over a month ago, there were two carton recyclers standing here. One of them can be directly put into the flattened carton, the other needs to be scanned to throw the carton, the machine can automatically crush the waste paper, and give points to the users who deliver the carton, to achieve certain points convertible gifts. Nowadays, the intelligent waste paper recycling machine has been idle on the side of the express cabinet, unable to use, and another machine has disappeared.
 
 
 
记者联系到智能废纸回收机提供方,相关负责人解释,由于用电问题还没有解决,这台机器暂时无法使用,不过,机器此前在这里试运行过一段时间,每天有30到50个人次投递纸箱,使用率并不高。“双11”期间,位于北京师范大学的智能废纸回收机正在运行,但一台机器好几天也没有装满。
 
The reporter contacted the supplier of the intelligent waste paper recycling machine, and the responsible person explained that the machine could not be used for the time being because of the unresolved power consumption problem. However, the machine had been running here for a period of time before, and 30 to 50 people delivered cartons every day. The utilization rate was not high. During the "Shuang11" period, the intelligent waste paper recycling machine located in Beijing Normal University was running, but a machine was not full for several days.
 
 
 
“之前看到过回收机,但觉得放机器里太麻烦,还要排队,我们比较看重处理纸箱的便捷性。”一名学生告诉记者,她通常把纸箱放在垃圾桶旁边的地面上,塑料包装物则丢进垃圾桶。“应该会有人来捡走吧。”她猜测。
 
"I've seen recyclers before, but I think it's too troublesome to put them in the machine. We have to queue up. We value the convenience of handling cartons." A student told reporters that she usually put cartons on the ground next to the trash can, while plastic wrappers were thrown into the trash can. "Somebody should pick it up." She guessed.
 
 
 
混入垃圾回收效率大打折扣
 
Inclusion of garbage recycling efficiency is greatly reduced
 
 
 
扔进垃圾桶的快递垃圾会去哪儿?记者发现,“拾荒者”成为收集纸箱的主力,但相比快递垃圾的产生速度,他们的力量依旧有限。
 
Where is the express trash thrown into the trash can go? Reporters found that "scavengers" become the main carton collection, but compared with the speed of express trash generation, their power is still limited.
 
 
 
在北京交通大学的快递服务中心附近,一位老奶奶正在翻拣垃圾桶,她把垃圾桶表面的纸箱取走,眼前出现了一大包生活垃圾。“垃圾下面肯定还有废纸箱,但翻着太困难了。”她说,“靠这个也挣不了多少钱,我就是吃完饭没事儿了出来捡捡,再卖给附近的回收站。”
 
Near the express service center of Beijing Jiaotong University, an old woman was picking up the trash can. She took the cardboard boxes from the surface of the trash can and saw a large bag of domestic waste. "There must be cartons under the rubbish, but it's too difficult to turn them over." She said, "It doesn't make much money. I just pick it up after dinner and sell it to a nearby recycling bin."
 
 
 
在海淀区的一处废品回收站,废品回收员王师傅正在夜色中给废纸箱装车,车上多数是大规格的纸箱,很少有小型的快递纸箱。“我们现在两天才发一次车,因为一天回收上来的量根本装不满。”废品回收员王师傅介绍,平时每天能收500到600公斤废纸,“双11”期间每天只增加了200到300斤。“现在1公斤废纸收1.2元,比年初降了5毛钱到6毛钱。”他说,这几个月纸价一直在下跌,也影响了人们收集废纸的热情。
 
At a waste recycling station in Haidian District, Master Wang, a waste recycler, is loading waste cartons in the night. Most of the cartons are large-sized cartons, and there are few small express cartons. "We only start the car once in two days because the amount recovered in one day is not satisfied at all." Master Wang, a waste recycler, said that he could collect 500 to 600 kilograms of waste paper every day and only 200 to 300 kilograms per day during the "Shuang11" period. "Now 1 kilogram of waste paper is charged 1.2 yuan, down 5 cents to 6 cents from the beginning of the year." Paper prices have been falling in recent months, he said, affecting people's enthusiasm for collecting waste paper.
 
 
 
即使纸价反常下跌,但对于造纸厂来说,废纸依旧是香饽饽,随着进口废纸的减少,国产废纸成为造纸重要的原材料。据了解,如果前端分类得当,90%的快递包装废弃物都可以再利用。但一旦进入垃圾桶,回收率和回收质量就会大大降低。记者曾在北京一处垃圾分拣站看到,经过机器风选,进入生活垃圾的部分废纸被压缩在一起,纸张就像被“漂洗”过,质量大打折扣,更有一部分被污染的纸张无法得到回收。
 
Even though the price of paper has fallen abnormally, waste paper is still a fragrant food for paper mills. With the decrease of imported waste paper, domestic waste paper has become an important raw material for paper making. It is understood that if the front-end classification is appropriate, 90% of the express packaging waste can be reused. But once in the trash can, the recovery rate and quality will be greatly reduced. Reporters have seen in a garbage sorting station in Beijing, after machine air selection, part of the waste paper into domestic garbage is compressed together, the paper is like "rinsed", the quality is greatly discounted, and a part of the polluted paper can not be recycled.
 
 
 
小区垃圾分类“形同虚设”
 
Classification of garbage in residential quarters
 
 
 
国家邮政局去年发布的数据显示,超7成用户会把快递包装当作“垃圾”处理,只有19%的用户将快递包装二次利用或他用。据调查,无专门的回收机构是快递包装回收面临的最主要问题。
 
According to data released by the State Post Office last year, more than 70% of users will treat express packaging as "garbage", while only 19% of users will reuse or use express packaging. According to the survey, there is no special recycling agency is the main problem of express packaging recycling.
 
 
 
今年“双11”,一些高校的菜鸟驿站设立了可直接投递的纸箱回收台,联合造纸厂减少废纸流通环节,并实现了地图查询。用户可在高德地图上搜索“菜鸟回箱计划”,点击附近“贡献快递箱”的标志,查看回收台的位置并导航前往。
 
In this year's Shuang11, some newcomers'posts in Colleges and universities have set up carton recycling desks that can be delivered directly. The paper mill has reduced the circulation of waste paper and realized map inquiry. Users can search the "Rookie Return Plan" on the Golden Map, click on the nearby "Contribution Express Box" sign, view the location of the recycling desk and navigate to it.
 
 
 
在北京,已有十余所高校设立了这样的纸箱回收台。但在快递包裹更为分散的居民小区,快递纸箱回收显得更加困难。记者走访一些小区发现,不少垃圾桶上虽然标注着“可回收”或“不可回收”加以区分,但垃圾桶内依旧混杂着纸箱、生活垃圾、厨余垃圾等各类垃圾,提高居民垃圾分类意识、实现真正的垃圾分类刻不容缓。
 
In Beijing, more than ten colleges and universities have set up such carton recycling desks. But in residential areas where express packages are more dispersed, it is more difficult to recycle express cartons. Reporters visited some communities found that although many trash cans marked "recyclable" or "non-recyclable" to distinguish, but the trash can still be mixed with cartons, domestic waste, kitchen waste and other types of garbage, improve the awareness of residents'garbage classification, to achieve real garbage classification is urgent.

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